The Queen takes an unprecedented milestone in 2022 as she celebrates her 70th birthday on the throne.
Known as the Platinum Jubilee, the celebrations mean the UK will have an additional public holiday, with an extensive program of events planned.
It is the fourth major jubilee in the reign of Elizabeth II – here are the main names of birthdays and how other British monarchs have commemorated important milestones.
How many years does a Platinum Jubilee last?
This is the first time that a British monarch has celebrated a Platinum Jubilee, and only a handful of world leaders have reached this milestone.
The latest was Bhumibol Adulyadej, the late King of Thailand, who spent 70 years on the throne in 2016.
Jubilee names will be familiar to many because they follow the same convention that is commonly used to designate important wedding anniversaries.
The Queen and Prince Philip, for example, celebrated their platinum wedding anniversary in 2017, 70 years after their wedding.
This tradition of giving gifts is believed to “originate at the end of the 19th century, in the Victorian era,” historian and author Stepahnie Coontz said. Time magazine.
However, the celebration of Royal Jubilees predates this, with the earliest commemorations recorded during the reign of George III, Queen Victoria’s grandfather.
It marked his Golden Jubilee, the 50th anniversary of his accession to the throne, in 1809, with celebrations in Britain and the colonies, including a private service and fireworks display in Windsor.
It is not known if any significant commemorations took place to mark the 50th anniversary of his longtime predecessors Henry III, Edward III and James VI / I.
As the longest serving monarch before Elizabeth II, Queen Victoria celebrated two important anniversaries: her Golden Jubilee in 1887 and her Diamond Jubilee in 1897.
The celebrations included royal banquets attended by foreign leaders and military processions through London.
Elizabeth II had three major jubilees – her Silver Jubilee in 1977, her Golden Jubilee in 2002, and her Diamond Jubilee in 2012.
The Queen’s Ruby and Sapphire Jubilees in 1992 and 2017 respectively were commemorated in a more modest way.
Here is when the main jubilees are traditionally celebrated:
- Silver Jubilee: 25th anniversary
- Ruby Jubilee: 40th anniversary
- Golden Jubilee: 50th anniversary
- Diamond Jubilee: 60th anniversary
- Sapphire Jubilee: 65th anniversary
- Platinum Jubilee: 70th anniversary
When is the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee?
The 70th anniversary of the Queen’s accession to the throne falls on February 6, 2022.
However, as it also marks the 70th anniversary of the death of his father, King George VI, the date is therefore not the one the monarch wishes to celebrate.
The first week of June was therefore chosen for the Platinum Jubilee weekend, as were the Queen’s Golden and Diamond Jubilees, with the summer month offering better chances of good weather.
To create the four-day weekend, the spring holiday at the end of May will be moved to Thursday, June 2, with Queen’s Jubilee Holiday Friday June 3.
Here is the full schedule of events taking place for the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee:
- January 10: “Platinum Pudding Contest”: The competition invites the public to create a dish dedicated to the reign of the Queen.
- May 12-15: Celebration of the Platinum Jubilee: Over 500 horses and 1,000 performers will take part in a 90-minute show that will take audiences from Windsor Castle through the history of Elizabeth I to the present day.
- Public holiday – June 2: Queen’s Birthday Parade (Trooping the Color): The color will be presented at the Horse Guards Parade by the 1st Battalion, the Irish Guards and over 1,200 officers and soldiers of the Household Division who will be on display. Sandringham and Balmoral will also be open to residents and visitors to enjoy the celebrations during the holiday.
- Platinum Jubilee Tags: The United Kingdom will join the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man and the British Overseas Territories to light a lighthouse on the occasion of the jubilee. The main lighthouse will also be lit during a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.
- June 3: Thanksgiving service: The Thanksgiving service for the Queen’s reign will be held at St Paul’s Cathedral.
- June 4: Platinum Party at the Palace: Some of the world’s greatest artists will perform at the concert at Buckingham Palace to celebrate the most important moments in the Queen’s reign.
- June 5: Great jubilee lunch: Street parties are planned across the UK and neighbors are expected to come together to eat and have fun to celebrate the Platinum Jubilee. It will mark the end of the holiday.
- Platinum Jubilee Competition: Performers will gather in London to tell the story of the Queen’s reign through a performance that will include a ‘River of Hope’ section made up of 200 silk flags that will run through the mall, appearing as a moving river .
- July: The Royal Collection Trust: Three exhibits marking the Queen’s accession to the Throne, Coronation and Jubilees will be on display at Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle and Holyroodhouse Palace.
Additional reports from the Press Association